Criteria for dating clay pipes were developed based on their bowl size and shape as well as stem bore diameters.
Stem bore diameters were greatest in the earliest pipes and narrowing with regularity over the following 250 years.
The English pipe-making industry grew quickly to satisfy the growing demand of people, including women and children, to take up the art of “tobacco drinking” as it was then called.
The basic form of the pipe has changed little over the long history of pipe smoking, however there have been notable variations in pipe styles effecting the size of the bowl and the length of the stem.
For example, the earliest English pipes had a stem bore diameter around 9/64” (3.6mm approx) decreasing steadily to around 4/64” (1.6 approx) towards the end of the 18th century.
By 1800, stem bore diameters had stabilised and so this method for dating pipes is not applicable to pipes manufactured after c.1780’s and more reliable when applied to larger sample sizes for statistical accuracy, taking into account individual variations within the sample.
The pipe, so lily-like and weak, Does thus thy mortal soul bespeak. Pipes are known in silver, brass, pewter, iron, and even lead, but clay was the primary material and so remained until the end of the nineteenth century.
His is the most important contribution made to the history of colonial American pipe making. 1733) Throughout Virginia's colonial centuries, tobacco was the economic lifeblood of the Old Dominion, and unless one rolled it to smoke as a cigar, or took it as snuff, a pipe was as necessary to its consumption as fire.But just as few of us give much thought to what later generations might deduce from our discarded bottle caps, no one in the eighteenth century considered how a twenty-first-century archaeologist might use his broken pipe as a clue to his life and time. The characteristics of tobacco pipes changed with the years, and if an archaeologist can date those changes, so can he date the objects with which they are are found.There are thousands of pipe fragments found in Williamsburg.However, the English working-class disagreed and took to the habit of smoking tobacco from a pipe almost immediately.Crops of tobacco were planted up and down the English countryside and promptly burned by King James the First.No one knows for sure who made the first clay pipes.